Common name(s): Caladium, Angel Wings
Scientific name: Caladium sp.
Plant family: ARACEAE
Origin: South America
Description: Herbaceous, soft tissue stems and heart shaped leaves. Grows from underground bulb. Variable colors and some with frilly leaves. When planted in light shade and rich soil they produce a wonderful tropical look to any garden.
Growing Conditions: For outdoors, bulbs should be planted when the night temperature is 65 degrees or above. In Florida this usually occurs mid-late March or early April. Grade #1 bulbs should be planted 2 inches deep and 6 inches apart for best effect. Grade #2 bulbs should be spaced 2 – 3 inches apart. Ideal conditions are partial shade to light morning sun. The soil should be light in texture and well drained. Leaf litter best mulch to reduce loss of water in soil. Peat moss can be added to soil to improve water holding in soil if needed. Water when planted and then weekly as needed. For Indoor, 3 bulbs in a 6 – 8 inch pot and 2 inches apart. Potting soil should be well drained, do not allow pot to stand in water.
Relation to Nehrling Gardens:
Location in Gardens: You will find them along garden trails from the front entry towards the house and in east gardens. We do not have regular irrigation system and water when plants are put in ground to get established. Our Caladiums appear when the seasonal rains pickup and last into summer.
Additional Information: There are over 20 species of caladiums. Caladium bicolor is the most popular species that hybridizers use to bring out all sorts of colors and patterns we enjoy today. All parts of the plant are poisonous. Great door entry planting.
List of cultivars at the garden:
Caladium bicolor ‘Candidum’
Caladium bicolor ‘Candidum Junior’
Caladium bicolor ‘Carolyn Wharton’
Caladium bicolor ‘Fannie Munson’
Caladium bicolor ‘Florida Blizzard’
Caladium bicolor ‘Florida Moonlight’
Caladium bicolor ‘Florida Red Ruffle’
Caladium bicolor ‘John Peed’
Caladium bicolor ‘Mrs. Arno Nehrling’
Caladium bicolor ‘Postman Joyner’
Caladium bicolor ‘Rosebud’
For outdoor planting, bulbs should be planted when the night temperature are 65 degrees or above and the soil is warm to the touch. Grade #1 bulbs should be planted two (2) inches deep and about six (6) inchyes apart. Grade #2 bulbs should be spaced 2 – 3 inches apart. Ideal conditions are partial shade and partial sun. They will grow in full sun however they may need more water. The soil should be light and well drained. Peat moss can be added for better results. These plants require little water at first to prevent deterioration. Then water freely after the first leaves appear.
As a house plant use three (3) bulbs in a 6-inch pot. Plant bulbs 2 inches below the surface using light gardening soil Water sparingly until the first leaves appear.
DO NOT soak bulbs for any length of time before or after planting.
They may also be used as fresh cut flowers. We recommend cutting the leaves at least 3 – 6 hours prior to using them. Cut them off near the stem and immediately set stems in water. They will go though a wilt stage in the first 24 hours; however, they will perk up. They should last in an arrangement for 2-3 weeks. To store your bulbs from year to year, we suggest digging them up after your first cool spell. Allow them to cur4e for 7 – 10 days before storing. Store them in something ventilated such as an old pair of panty hose or an onion sack. Keep them above 65 degrees until time for planting
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